Digital Transformation via Open Public Stacks



National Health Authority (NHA) is the apex body responsible for implementing India’s flagship public health insurance/assurance scheme called “Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana” (PM-JAY) & has been entrusted with the role of designing strategy, building technological infrastructure and implementation of “National Digital Health Mission” to create a National Digital Health Eco-system.
NHA has launched the stack-based Unified Health Interface Initiative. UHI is an open protocol for various digital health services. The UHI Network will be an open network of End User Applications (EUAs) and participating Health Service Provider (HSP) applications. UHI will enable a wide variety of digital health services between patients and health service providers (HSPs) including appointment booking, teleconsultation, service discovery and others.

MOSIP is a modular and open source identity platform that helps user organisations such as Governments implement a digital, foundational ID in a cost effective way, while embracing the best practices of scalability, security and privacy harnessing the power of open source.
Being modular in its architecture, MOSIP provides lot of flexibility in how they implement and configure their foundation ID system. It is a unique, universal, and progressive digital identity system which is also an open source platform that nations can reuse freely and build their own identity systems.

FIDE is a not-for-profit organization that fosters innovation and co-creation among ecosystem participants, by building interoperable open protocol specifications as a public good. beckn protocol is open source and the ecosystem is free to adopt to build digital infrastructure as public good. By building open protocol specifications, we hope to make all or any form of service available on a beckn enabled network to offer a seamless digital commerce experience to everyone.

ONDC was incorporated with the mission and vision of creating an inclusive ecosystem of e-commerce worldwide. In developing countries, e-commerce is often out of reach for the majority of sellers, particularly from small towns and rural areas. Example: in India more than 12 million sellers earn their livelihood by selling or reselling products and services - but only 15,000 of these sellers (0.125% of the total) have access to e-commerce because online retail is dominated by bigtech platforms.

The ONDC digital public infrastructure is built on the Beckn Protocol (link to FIDE newsletter), an open and interoperable protocol for decentralised digital commerce, designed to bypass platform monopolies and offer inclusivity and access for sellers, especially small and medium enterprises as well as local businesses. ONDC is designed to dramatically increase e-commerce penetration in developing countries by enabling population-scale inclusion of all types and sizes of retailers.‬‪ is a leading news property that publishes breaking news, analysis, and research about the global biometrics market. We place special emphasis on national security, privacy and regulatory issues, along with examining the latest industrial, commercial and residential applications for biometrics technology. Manufacturers, service providers, governments, law enforcement agencies and large corporate buyers benefit from our competitive industry intelligence on market size, multiple industry segments, venture capital and other business opportunities, along with in-depth profiles on the best emerging products and solutions. is published by the Biometrics Research Group, a market research supplier and consultancy to the biometric industry.‬‬